Scholarly Societies Project

Data for Societies Founded from 1810 to 1819
37 Societies
29 History Pages
24 Websites
Last Updated: 2008, December 3

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1810
Seat
Society Name
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Italy
Arezzo
Accademia Petrarca di Lettere, Arti e Scienze di Arezzo (Petrarchian Academy of Letters, Arts and Sciences of Arezzo)
[This Academy was founded in 1810 as the Imperiale e Regia Accademia Aretina di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti. It traces it origins to an Accademia Aretina founded in 1787 (which arose from various other societies, the most important being the Accademia dei Forzati, founded in 1683). The Academy later had the following names: (1) Imperiale e Reale Accademia di Scienze, Lettere e Bell'Arti o del Petrarca; (2) Regia Accademia Petrarca di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti in Arezzo; (3) Reale Accademia Petrarca di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti in Arezzo; (4) Reale Accademia Petrarca di Lettere, Arti e Scienze; (5) Accademia Petrarca di Lettere, Arti e Scienze di Arezzo (its current name).]
Website
Italy
Bergamo
Ateneo di Scienze Lettere ed Arti Bergamo (Bergamasque Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts)
[The Ateneo was formed in 1810 through the merger of the Accademia degli Eccitati and the Accademia degli Arvali. The Accademia degli Eccitati had been founded in 1642, and was primarily concerned with letters; it was re-organized in 1749. The Accademia degli Arvali had been founded in 1769, and was concerned with agriculture and economics in general; it was initially called the Accademia d'Agricoltura o degli Arvali, but in 1787 changed its name to the Accademia Economico-Arvale. By decree of Napoleon on 1810, December 25, these two academies were merged into one body named Ateneo di Scienze, Lettere e Arti di Bergamo. The Academy published an Atti beginning 1868.]
Website

1811
Seat
Society Name
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Details
Switzerland
Aarau
Aargauische Naturforschende Gesellschaft (ANG) (Aargau Natural Science Society) Website
U.S.A.
Philadelphia
Columbian Chemical Society of Philadelphia
[According to Bogert, this Society was founded in 1811, and survived only a few years, but at least to 1813, when they published a first volume entitled Memoirs. This Society is not to be confused with the Chemical Society of Philadelphia (founded 1792; ceased around 1803).]
 
Sweden
Stockholm
Kungliga Skogs- och Lantbruksakademiens (KSLA) (Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry)
[The Academy was founded in 1811. On that date or soon afterward it was called the Kongliga Swenska Landtbruks-akademien. It later had the following sequence of names: (1) Kongliga Svenska Landtbruks-akademien; (2) Kongliga Landtbruks-akademiens; (3) Kungliga Landtbruksakademiens; (4) Kungliga Lantbruksakademiens; and (5) Kungliga Skogs- och Lantbruksakademiens (its current name).]
Website
France
Paris
Société des Architectes (Society of Architects)
[This society ceased in 1816, and was, in some sense, a forerunner of the Société Centrale des Architectes founded in 1840.]
 

1812
Seat
Society Name
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Details
U.S.A.
Worcester, Massachusetts
American Antiquarian Society (AAS)
[The Society was founded on 1812, October 24.]
Website
England
Cambridge
Analytical Society
[This was a student Society founded at Cambridge University on 1812, May 7 to promote the Continental analytical approach to the differential and integral calculus. Its most active members were Charles Babbage and John Herschel. It ceased at the end of 1813.]
 
Italy
Venezia
Ateneo Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (Venetian Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts)
[According to its website, the Ateneo was formed in 1812, January 12, through a decree of Napoleon Bonaparte, by the merger of the Società Veneta di Medicina, the Accademia dei Filareti, and the Accademia Veneta Letteraria. But Maylender, on pp.435-436, v.5, gives the name of the first society as Accademia Veneta di Medicina, indicating that it was founded in 1789, dissolved in 1793, and reconstituted in 1807. Maylender, on p.373, v.2, gives the founding date of the Accademia dei Filareti as 1804. And Maylender indicates (p.434-435, v.5), that the third society was actually the Accademia Veneta di Belle Lettere, which had been formed in 1806 through the merger of the Accademia Veneta Letteraria, which had been founded in 1802, and the Accademia dei Sofronomi (which had been formed only that year, according to Maylender p.201, v.5). Furthermore, Maylender (pp.373-374, v.2) indicates that the date of Napoleon's decree was actually 1810. It is possible that the latter is true, with the first assembly being held in 1812.]
Website
England
Liverpool
Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool
[The Society was founded on 1812, February 21. For part of its existence it was known as the Liverpool Literary and Philosophical Society.]
[No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]
India
Madras
Madras Literary Society
[The Madras Literary Society was founded in 1812. In 1830 it became an Auxiliary of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (founded 1823), and has generally been known as the Madras Literary Society and Auxiliary of the Royal Asiatic Society.]
[No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]
England
Plymouth
Plymouth Athenaeum
[This organization was founded in 1812. It had the name Plymouth Institution as early as 1830. It seems also to have had a close connection to the Devon and Cornwall Natural History Society. In 1961, it became the Plymouth Athenaeum.]
Website

1813
Seat
Society Name
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Details
Italy
Bologna
Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA) (Italian Academy of Business Economics)
[This Academy was founded in Bologna on 1813, July 11 as as the Accademia dei Logismofili. In 1824 it became the Accademia dei Ragionieri (Academy of Accountants). On 1906, January 7, it became the Regia Accademia dei Ragionieri, then on 1968, May 10, Accademia Nazionale di Ragioneria (National Academy of Accountancy). Then on 1980, January 28, it became the Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale.]
Website
Switzerland
Bern
Gesellschaft Schweizerischer Tierärzte (GST) = Société des Vétérinaires Suisses (SVS) (Society of Swiss Veterinarians)
Website
England
Newcastle upon Tyne
Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne
[This Society was founded on 1813, February 6.]
Website

1814
Seat
Society Name
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Details
United Statets
of America
New York
Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York
[This Society was founded on 1814, January 13. Its last recorded meeting was on 1834, November 28.]
 
Italy
Naples
Società dei Naturalisti in Napoli (Society of Naturalists in Naples)
[This Society was founded in 1814 as the Circolo degli Aspiranti Naturalisti. It later had the name Accademia degli Aspiranti Naturalisti, and then Società dei Naturalisti in Napoli (its current name).]
[No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]
England
Penzance (Cornwall)
Royal Geological Society of Cornwall
[This Society was founded on 1814, February 11.]
Website

1815
Seat
Society Name
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Details
Poland
Krakow
Towarzystwo Naukowe Krakowskie (Krakow Scientific Society)
[This Society was founded in 1815. It has had various names: (1) Towarzystwo Naukowe z Uniwersytetem Krakowskim Połączone; (2) Towarzystwo Naukowe Krakowskie z Uniwersytetem Jagiellońskim Połączone; (3) Towarzystwo Naukowe z Uniwersytetem Jagiellońskim Złączone; and (4) Cesarsko-Królewskie Towarzystwo Naukowe Krakowskie. In 1872, it was transformed into the Polska Akademia Umiejętności, according to the latter's website. So in 1872, the Society ceased to exist as a local society.]
 
Russia
Mitau, Kurland
(now Jelgava, Latvia)
Kurländische Gesellschaft für Literatur und Kunst (Kurland Society for Literature and Art)
[This Society was founded in 1815 according to DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND IMPLEMENTATION (INNOVATION) IN LATVIA, which also indicates that this Society is regarded by the contemporary Latvian Academy of Sciences (founded 1949) as one of its predecessor institutions. The Society published numerous journals from 1818 to 1937. It is not clear that the Society survived past 1937.]
 
Switzerland
Bern
Schweizerische Akademie der Naturwissenschaften (SANW) = Académie Suisse des Sciences Naturelles (ASSN) = Accademia Svizzera di Scienze Naturali (ASSN) = Academia Svizra da Scienzas Natüralas (ASSN) (Swiss Academy of Sciences (SAS))
[The Society was founded in 1815 as the Allgemeine Schweizerische Gesellschaft für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften = Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles. Later it had the following different names: (1) Schweizerische Naturforschende Gesellschaft; (2) Schweizerische Akademie der Naturwissenschaften (SANW) (current name); (3) Académie Suisse des Sciences Naturelles (ASSN) (current name); (4) Società Elvetica di Scienze Naturali; (5) Accademia Svizzera di Scienze Naturali (ASSN) (current name).]
Website

1816
Seat
Society Name
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Details
Iceland
Reykjavík
Íslenska Bókmenntafélag = Hið Íslenska Bókmenntafélag (HIB) (Icelandic Literary Society)
[This Society was founded in 1816. In 1818, the Íslenzka Lærdómslistafélag, which had been founded in 1779, merged with Hið Íslenska Bókmenntafélag (HIB).]
Website
Ireland
Dublin
Royal Horticultural Society of Ireland (RHSI)
[The Society appears not to have published any journals.]
Website

1817
Seat
Society Name
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Details
Switzerland
Basel
Naturforschende Gesellschaft in Basel (NGiB) (Scientific Society in Basel) Website
U.S.A.
New York City
New York Academy of Sciences (NYAS)
[The Academy was founded in 1817 as the Lyceum of Natural History in the City of New York, but was also known by the shorter name Lyceum of Natural History of New-York. In 1877, July, it became the New York Academy of Sciences.]
Website
Russia
Saint Petersburg
Российское Минералогическое Общество (РМО) = Rossijskoe Mineralogičeskoe Obŝestvo (Russian Mineralogical Society (RMS))
[From 1948 to 1991, the Society was called the Всесоюзное Минералогическое Общество = Vsesoûznoe Mineralogičeskoe Obŝestvo = All-Union Mineralogical Society.]
Website
Germany
Frankfurt
Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft (SNG) (Senckenberg Nature Research Society)
Website

1818
Seat
Society Name
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Details
Germany
Dresden
Gesellschaft für Natur- und Heilkunde zu Dresden (Society for Biology and Medicine in Dresden)
[The Gesellschaft für Natur- und Heilkunde zu Dresden was founded on 1818, September 19. It was also known as the Gesellschaft für Natur- und Heilkunde in Dresden. We have found no trace of its existence past 1934.]
 
England
London
Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE)
[The Institution was founded on 1818, January 2.]
Website
Germany
Leipzig
Naturforschende Gesellschaft zu Leipzig (Natural Science Society in Leipzig)
[The Naturforschende Gesellschaft zu Leipzig was founded in 1818, October. We have found no trace of its existence past 1941.]
 
England
Truro (Cornwall)
Royal Institution of Cornwall (RIC)
[This body was founded on 1818, March 2 as the Cornwall Literary and Philosophical Institution. In 1821 it became the Royal Institution of Cornwall (RIC).]
Website
Italy
Spoleto
Società Agraria Spoletina (Agrarian Society of Spoleto)
[ Fausti (1977), p.84, refers briefly to a society by this name that had been founded in 1818, in large part through the efforts of Pietro Fontana, Secretary of the Accademia degli Ottusi di Spoleto. But Fausti (1977), p.90, indicates that in 1846, Fontana wanted the Accademia degli Ottusi to dedicate their efforts to agrarian studies, and arranged for the latter (which had been relatively dormant since 1823) to replace the Società Agraria Spoletina; funds previously set aside for the Società were diverted to the Accademia for the 1847 fiscal year. So the Società effectively ceased to exist in 1846. The Society does not appear to have published any journals.]
 
France
Bordeaux
Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux (SLB) (Linnean Society of Bordeaux)
[The Society was founded on 1818, June 26.]
Website

1819
Seat
Society Name
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Details
Italy
Torino
Accademia di Medicina di Torino (AMT) (Academy of Medicine of Turin)
[This body has had the following names over the years: (1) Società Medico-Chirurgica di Torino; (2) Reale Accademia Medico-Chirurgica di Torino; (3) R. Accademia di Medicina di Torino; and (4) Accademia di Medicina di Torino (its current name).]
Website
United States
of America
American Geological Society
[According to Kraus (1921), the American Geological Society was founded in 1819 at Yale College. The membership included the illustrious Benjamin Silliman (1779-1864). The Society was short-lived, going out of existence in 1828. It seems clear that the American Geological Society was in some sense a precursor to the Association of American Geologists and Naturalists, which was founded in 1840 as the Association of American Geologists, and which ceased to exist on 1848, September 20, when its members convened to resolve their society into a new organization: the American Association for the Advancement of Science.]
England
Cambridge
Cambridge Philosophical Society (CPS)
[The Society was founded on 1819, November 15.]
Website
England
London
Hunterian Society
[The Society was founded on 1819, February 11; it was named the Hunterian Society to honour John Hunter, the Father of Scientific Surgery. The Society was also known as the Hunterian Society in London.]
Website

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