Scholarly Societies Project

Data for Societies Founded from 1850 to 1859
49 Societies
34 Websites
Last Updated: 2007, January 9

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1850
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Austria
Graz
Historischer Verein für Steiermark (Historical Union for Steiermark)
[This Society was founded in 1850 and still exists today. It published a number of journals, beginning with the Mittheilungen (1850 - 1903) (abbreviated as Mitth. d. hist. Vereins in Steierm.
[Pogg, v.1, col.49 cites IV. 1853.])
[No website
found, as
of 2004,
Sept.28.]
Belgium
Liège
Institut Archéologique Liégeois (Archaeological Institute of Liège) [No website
found, as
of 2003,
Sept.25.]
England
London
London Epidemiological Society
[The London Epidemiological Society was founded on 1850, March 6. It ceased to exist independently in 1907, when it and several other medical societies merged with the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society of London (founded 1805), to form the Royal Society of Medicine.]
 
Indonesia
Batavia
[since 1949 called Jakarta]
Koninklijke Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch-Indië (Royal Physical Society in the Dutch East Indies)
[This Society was founded in 1850 as the Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch-Indië. In 1859 it became the Koninklijke Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch-Indië. In 1950 it appears to have become the Perhimpunan Ilmu Alam Indonesia; we have found no trace of this latter body after 1957.]
 
England
Reading (Berkshire)
Royal Meteorological Society (RMS)
[The Society was founded on 1850, April 3 as the British Meteorological Society. It became the Meteorological Society in 1866, and the Royal Meteorological Society in 1883.]
Website

1851
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
United States of
America
New York City
American Geographical Society (AGS)
[The AGS was founded in 1851 as the American Geographical and Statistical Society. In 1871, it became the American Geographical Society (AGS). It began publishing journals as early as 1852.]
Website
Turkey
Constantinople
Encümen-i Daniş (High Consultative Committee = Ottoman Academy)
[This body was founded on 1851, July 18 as the Encümen-i Daniş by Sultan Abd al-Majid (1823-1861), whose name is given in Arabic script as عبد المجيد. The place of founding was probably Constantinople. We have seen the name of the body translated into English as High Consultative Committee, but it has also been referred to in English as the Ottoman Academy and in Turkish as an academy of sciences. It was abolished in 1862, after the death of the Sultan who founded it.]
 

1852
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
United States of
America
Washington, D.C.
American Pharmacists Association (APhA)
[The APhA was founded in 1852 as the American Pharmaceutical Association. On 2003, March 29 it became the American Pharmacists Association (APhA).]
Website
United States of
America
Reston (Virginia)
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Website
Switzerland
Geneva
Institut National Genevois (ING) (National Institute of Geneva) Website
Algeria
Constantine
Société Archéologique du Département de Constantine (Constantine Archaeological Society) [No website
found, as
of 2003,
Sept.25.]
France
Paris
Société Météorologique de France (SMF) (Meteorological Society of France) Website

1853
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
United States of
America
San Francisco
California Academy of Sciences (CAS) Website
Estonia
Tartu
Eesti Looduseuurijate Selts (LUS) (Estonian Naturalists' Society) Website
Germany
Jena
Medizinisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Gesellschaft zu Jena (Medical and Scientific Society of Jena)
[According to Ziche (2002), p.129, the Medizinisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Gesellschaft zu Jena was founded in 1853, and can in retrospect be considered the continuation of the Naturforschende Gesellschaft zu Jena.]
 
Australia
Adelaide
Royal Society of South Australia (RSSA)
[The Society was founded in 1853 as the Adelaide Philosophical Society. In 1880, it took its current name.]
Website.

1854
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Australia
Melbourne
Royal Society of Victoria (RSV) Website
Northern Ireland
Belfast
Royal Ulster Agricultural Society (RUAS) [Founded in 1854 as: North East Agricultural Association of Ireland. "In 1903 the name of the Association changed to the Ulster Agricultural Society and in the following year the 'Royal' prefix was added." The Society may have had a precursor in the North East Society (founded in 1826).] Website
France
Paris
Société Française de Photographie (SFP)
(French Society of Photography)
Website
United Kingdom
Colchester
Society of Engineers Website

1855
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
England
London
London and Middlesex Archaeological Society (LAMAS) Website
Switzerland
Lucerne
Naturforschende Gesellschaft Luzern (NGL) (Scientific Society in Lucerne) Website
Belgium
Brussels
Société Royale Belge d'Entomologie (SRBE) = Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Entomologie (Royal Belgian Entomological Society) Website
Belgium
Charleroi
Société Royale d'Economie Politique de Belgique (Royal Society of Political Economy of Belgium) [No website
found, as
of 2003,
Sept.26.]

1856
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Scotland
Edinburgh
Faculty of Actuaries (FA)
[Founded in 1856 as the Faculty of Actuaries in Edinburgh, at some time later, it became simply the Faculty of Actuaries. Its English counterpart had been founded in 1848 as the Institute of Actuaries of London, which at some time later became simply the Institute of Actuaries. Since 1993 the two groups have had a common education and examination system. They also maintain a common website.]
Website
United Kingdom
Odontological Society of Great Britain
[The Odontological Society of Great Britain was founded in 1856. It ceased to exist independently in 1907, when it and several other medical societies merged with the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society of London (founded 1805), to form the Royal Society of Medicine.]
 
Austria
Vienna
Österreichische Geographische Gesellschaft (ÖGG) (Austrian Geographical Society)
[The Society was founded in 1856 as the k.k. Geographische Gesellschaft in Wien.]
Website
England
London
Royal Institute of Public Health & Hygiene and Society of Public Health (RIPHH)
[In 1856, the Metropolitan Association of Medical Officers of Health was founded. In 1873 it became the Society of Medical Officers of Health; in 1973 it became the Society of Community Medicine; in 1989 it became the Society of Public Health. In 1886 the Association of Medical Men Possessing a Qualification in Sanitary Science was founded. In 1892 it became the British Institute of Public Health; in 1897 it became the Royal Institute of Public Health. In 1903 the Institute of Hygeine was founded. In 1937 the latter two merged to become the Royal Institute of Public Health & Hygeine. In 1997 the latter society merged with the Society of Public Health and took its current name.]
Website
Italy
Milano
Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali (SISN) (Italian Society of Natural Sciences)
[The Society was founded in 1856 as the Società Geologica residente in Milano. It took its current name in 1860.]
Website
Belgium
Liège
Société de Langue et de Littérature Wallonnes (Society for Walloon Language and Literature) Website
Algeria
Algiers
Société Historique Algérienne (Algerian Historical Society) [No website
found, as
of 2003,
Sept.26.]
Germany
Düsseldorf
Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (VDI) (Union of German Engineers) Website

1857
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
United States of
America
Washington, D.C.
American Institute of Architects (AIA) Website
United States of
America
Chicago
Chicago Academy of Sciences (CAS) Website
Denmark
Copenhagen
Den Almindelige Danske Lægeforening (DADL) (Danish Medical Association) Website
Germany
Heidelberg
Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft (DOG) (German Ophthalmological Society)
[The Society was founded in 1857 as the Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft (in Heidelberg). In 1920 it became the Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft (DOG).]
Website
United States of
America
Washington, D.C.
National Education Association (NEA) Website
Norway
Oslo
Norske Videnskaps-Akademi (DNVA) (Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (NASL)) Website
China
Shanghai
North China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society = North-China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society
[The Society was founded around 1857 as the Shanghai Literary and Scientific Society. In 1858 it became the North China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society = North-China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. Later it was called the China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, but eventually reverted to North-China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society again. It ceased in 1949 with the Communist takeover in China.]
 
Spain
Madrid
Real Academia de Ciencias Morales y Políticas (RACMYP) (Royal Academy of Moral and Political Sciences) Website
Poland
Poznan
Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk Poznańskie (Society of Friends of Science in Poznan)
[Now called the Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk.]
Website

1858
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
United States of
America
New York City
American Numismatic Society (ANS) Website
England
London
Geologists' Association (GA) Website
Netherlands
Amsterdam
Koninklijk Oudheidkundig Genootschap (KOG) (Royal Dutch Antiquarian Society) [No website
found, as
of 2003,
Sept.29.]
Canada
Halifax
Nova Scotia Barristers' Society (NSBS) Website
England
London
Obstetrical Society of London
[The Obstetrical Society of London was founded in 1858. It ceased to exist independently in 1907, when it and several other medical societies merged with the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society of London (founded 1805), to form the Royal Society of Medicine.]
 
Switzerland
Geneva
Société de Géographie de Genève (Geographical Society of Geneva)
[This Society was founded in 1858 according to Société de Géographie (of France). The Society published a Mémoires et Bulletin (beginning 1860) and Le Globe. Journal Géographique (beginning 1866).]
[No website
found, as
of 2004,
Apr.19.]

1859
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
United States of
America
Chicago
American Dental Association (ADA) Website
France
Paris
Société d'Anthropologie de Paris (Anthropological Society of Paris)
[According to Bibliographie Générale des Travaux Historiques et Archéologiques, v. 3, p.611, the Society was founded on 1859, May 19, and published a Mémories from 1860/1863.]
[No website
found, as
of 2004,
July 6.]

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