Last Updated: 2009, March 1

Scholarly Societies Project

Academies and Royal Societies of Broad Scope

Academies and Royal Societies of Broad Scope
Introduction Definition and Exclusions
Federations InterAcademy Panel on International Issues (IAP)
["The InterAcademy Panel on International Issues (IAP) is an informal network of world's academies working together in providing advice and input to governments and international organizations and in informing public opinion on scientific aspects of issues of concern internationally."]
Union Académique Internationale (UAI) = International Union of Academies (IUA)
[Covers primarily the arts and humanities.]
All European Academies (ALLEA)
["ALLEA promotes the exchange of information and experience between Academies & offers advice from the Academies to science and society in Europe."]
Federación Latinoamericana de Academias de Ciencias (FELAC)
[No website found, as of 2002, March 9.]
Association of Academies of Sciences in Asia (AASA)
[A non-profit international organization of the Asian and Australasian region, comprising eighteen academies with science and technology interests.]
Federation of Asian Scientific Academies and Societies (FASAS)
[A federation that includes scientific academies from Asia.]
[No website found, as of 2004, February 27.]
Websites Academies and Royal Societies, arranged by Country

Definition and Exclusions

On this page we list academies and other bodies like them, such as royal societies of very broad scope (e.g. of sciences or arts). In English, the word "academy" is used not only to describe the kind of society mentioned above, but also to refer to certain educational institutions (such as private secondary schools and military educational institutions); this latter kind of institution is excluded from consideration here.

Academies and Royal Societies of Broad Scope: By Country
URL Stability Rank
Country / Society Name
Acronym
Africa
four stars African Academy of Sciences [In English.] AAS
Albania
four stars Akademia e Shkencave e Shqipërisë = Academy of Sciences of Albania [In English.] ASS
Argentina
four stars Academia Argentina de Letras = Argentine Academy of Letters [In Spanish.] AAL
four stars Academia Nacional de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales = National Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences [In Spanish.] ANCEFN
four stars Academia Nacional de Ingeniería = National Academy of Engineering (Argentina) [In Spanish.] ANI
Armenia
four stars Հայաստանի Գիտությունների Ազգային Ակադեմիա = Hayastani Gitowt'yownneri Azgayin Akademia = National Academy of Sciences of Armenia = Национальная Академия Наук РА [In Armenian, English and Russian.] HGA = NASRA
Australia
four stars Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia ASSA
four stars Australian Academy of Science AAS
four stars Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering ATSE
four stars Australian Academy of the Humanities AAH
four stars Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science ANZAAS
four stars Queensland Academy of Arts and Sciences QAAS
one star
broken once
Royal Society of New South Wales RSNSW
one star
broken once
Royal Society of South Australia RSSA
four stars Royal Society of Victoria RSV
Austria
four stars Austrian Academy of Sciences = Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften [In German and English.] AAS = OeAW
Bangladesh
  বাংলা একােডমী = Bangla Ekademi = Bangla Academy = Bengali Academy [Located in Bangladesh. No website found as of 2003-06-19.]  
Belarus
three stars Нацыянальная Акадэмія Навук Беларусі = Nacyânalʹnaâ Akadèmìâ Navuk Belarusi = National Academy of Sciences of Belarus [In Belarusian, English and Russian.] NANB = NASB
Belgium
  Académie Royale de Langue et de Littérature Françaises = Royal Academy of French Language and Literature
[Founded in 1920 according to Kiger (1993), p.40.]
[No website found, as of 2002, January 4.]
ARLLF
one star Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique = Royal Academy of Science, Humanities and Fine Arts of Belgium [In French and English.] ARB
four stars Académie Royale des Sciences d'Outre-Mer = Koninklijke Academie voor Overzeese Wetenschappen = Royal Academy of Overseas Sciences [In French, Dutch and English. This Belgian Academy has the aim of promoting scientific knowledge in overseas regions.] ARSOM = KAOW = RAOS
four stars Koninklijke Academie voor Nederlandse Taal- en Letterkunde = Royal Academy of Dutch Language and Literature [In Dutch.] KANTL
four stars Koninklijke Vlaamse Academie van België voor Wetenschappen en Kunsten = Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts [In Dutch and English.] KVAB
four stars Société Royale des Sciences de Liège = Royal Society of Sciences of Liège [In French.] SRSL
Bolivia
  Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Bolivia = National Academy of Sciences of Bolivia
[Founded in 1960., according to Saur World Guide (1998), p.27.]
[No website found, as of 2002, January 4. Email: aguirre@ancb.bo.]
ANCB
Bosnia and Herzegovina
four stars Akademija Nauka i Umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine = Академија Наука и Умјетности Босне и Херцеговине = Academy of Science and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina [In Serbo-Croatian and English.] ANUBiH
Brazil
four stars Academia Brasileira de Ciências = Brazilian Academy of Sciences [In English and Portuguese.] ABC
four stars Academia Brasileira de Letras = Brazilian Academy of Letters [In Portuguese.] ABL
four stars Sociedade Brasileira para o Progresso da Ciência = Brazilian Society for the Advancement of Science [In Portuguese.] SBPC
Bulgaria
four stars Българска Академия на Науките (БАН) = Bʹʹlgarska Akademiâ na Naukite = Bulgarian Academy of Sciences [In English, with some Bulgarian.] БАН = BAN = BAS
Canada
four stars Canadian Academy of Engineering = Académie canadienne du génie [In English and French.] CAE = ACG
four stars Royal Canadian Institute (RCI) [In English. Also known as the Royal Canadian Institute for the Advancement of Science.] RCI
four stars Royal Society of Canada = Société royale du Canada [In English and French.] RSC = SRC
Carribean
one star Caribbean Academy of Sciences [In English.] CAS
Chile
four stars Academia Chilena de Ciencias = Chilean Academy of Sciences [Also known as Academia Chilena de Ciencias del Instituto de Chile. In Spanish.] ACC
one star Instituto de Chile = Institute of Chile [In Spanish.]
 
China
four stars 香港科技協進會 = Xiāng Gǎng Kējì Xiéjìnhuì = Hong Kong Association for the Advancement of Science and Technology [In English.] HKAAST
four stars 中国工程院 = Zhōngguó Gōngchéng Yuàn = Chinese Academy of Engineering [In English and Chinese.] CAE
four stars 中国科学技术协会 = Zhōngguó Kēxué Jìshù Xiéhuì = China Association for Science and Technology [In Chinese and English.] CAST
four stars 中国科学院 = Zhōngguó Kēxué Yuàn = Chinese Academy of Sciences [In Chinese.] CAS
four stars 中国社会科学院 = Zhōngguó Shèhuì Kēxué Yuàn = Chinese Academy of Social Sciences [In Chinese.] CASS
China (Taiwan)
four stars 中央研究院 = Zhōngyāng Yánjiū Yuàn = Academia Sinica = Chinese Academy (Taiwan) [In English and Chinese.] AS
Colombia
four stars Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales = Colombian Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences [In Spanish.] ACCEFYN
  Academia Colombiana de la Lengua = Columbian Academy of Language
[According to Kiger (1993), p.80, the Academy was authorized in 1870, and had its first meeting in 1871.]
[No website found, as of 2002, January 4.]
ACL
four stars Asociación Colombiana para el Avance de la Ciencia = Colombian Association for the Advancement of Science [In Spanish.] ACAC
Costa Rica
four stars Academia Nacional de Ciencias (ANC) = National Academy of Sciences (Costa Rica) [In Spanish.] ANC
Croatia
four stars Akademija Tehničkih Znanosti Hrvatske = Academia Scientiarum Technicarum Croatica = Croatian Academy of Engineering [In Croatian and English.] HATZ
four stars Hrvatska Akademija Znanosti i Umjetnosti = Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts [In Croatian and English.] HAZU
Cuba
one star
broken once broken once
Academia de Ciencias de Cuba = Academy of Sciences of Cuba [In Spanish and English.] ACC
Czech Republic
four stars Akademie Věd České Republiky = Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic [In Czech and English.] AV ČR = ASCR
Denmark
four stars Akademiet for de Tekniske Videnskaber = Danish Academy of Technical Sciences [In Danish and English.] ATV
four stars Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab = Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab = Danish Society of Language and Literature [In Danish.] DSL
four stars Kongelige Akademiet for de Skønne Kunster = Royal Academy for the Fine Arts [In Danish. Covers architecture, painting and music.] KASK
four stars Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab (KDVS) = Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters [In Danish and English.] KDVS
Dominca
four stars Dominica Academy of Arts and Sciences [In English.] DAAS
Egypt
four stars أكاديمية البحث العلمي والتكنولوجيا = أكاديمية البحث العلمى والتكنولوجيا = Academy of Scientific Research and Technology [Located in Egypt. In Arabic and English.] ASRT
Estonia
four stars Eesti Teaduste Akadeemia = Academia Scientiarum Estoniae = Estonian Academy of Sciences [In Estonian and English.] ETA
Europe
four stars Academia Europaea = Academy of Europe [In English.]  
four stars Academia Scientiarum et Artium Europaea = Europäische Akademie der Wissenschaften und Künste = European Academy of Sciences and Arts = Académie Européenne des Sciences et Arts [In English.] EASA
Finland
four stars Societas Scientiarum Fennica = Finska Vetenskaps-Societeten = Suomen Tiedeseura = Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters [In Swedish, Finnish and English.] FVS
four stars Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia = Finnish Academy of Science and Letters = Academia Scientiarum Fennica ["to unite and support Finnish-speaking scientists and scholars in Finland." In Finnish and English.] STA
four stars Suomen Akatemia = Academy of Finland [Mostly in Finnish; some English.] SA
France
four stars Académie d'Alsace = Academy of Alsace [In French.] AA
  Académie d'Arles = Academy of Arles
[No website found, as of 2003, April 29.]
 
four stars Académie d'Orléans (Agriculture, Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts) = Academy of Orléans (Agriculture, Sciences, Humanities and Arts) [In French.]  
  Académie de Montmor = Academy of Montmor
[Ceased to exist 1664.]
 
one star Académie de Nîmes = Academy of Nîmes [In French.]  
four stars Académie de Stanislas = Academy of Stanislas [In French.]  
  Académie de Vaucluse = Academy of Vaucluse
[No website found, as of 2003, March 27.]
 
  Académie de Villefranche-en-Beaujolais = Academy of Villefranche-en-Beaujolais
[No website found, as of 2003, March 31.]
 
one star Académie Delphinale = Delphinal Academy [In French.]  
four stars Académie des Beaux-Arts = Academy of Fine Arts [In French. Covers painting, sculpture, architecture and music.] ABA
  Académie des Belles-Lettres, Sciences et Arts de La Rochelle = Academy of Humanities, Sciences and Arts of La Rochelle
[No website found, as of 2003, April 30.]
 
four stars Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres = Academy of Inscriptions and Humanities [In French and English. The Academy is devoted to historical, archaeological, and philological scholarship.] AIBL
  Académie des Jeux Floraux
[The Academy was founded in 1323 as Compagnie du Gai Sçavoir (or Savoir in the present-day orthography). It was apparently also known during some or all of the time period from 1323 to 1693 as Consistoire de la Gaie Science. Under Louis XIV, in 1694, it became the Académie des Jeux Floraux (Academy of Floral Games).]
[No website found, as of 2002, January 4.]
 
four stars Académie des Sciences = French Academy of Sciences [In French and English. Also known as: Académie des Sciences à Paris.] AS
four stars Académie des Sciences, Arts et Belles Lettres de Caen = Academy of Sciences, Arts and Humanities of Caen [In French and English.] ASABLC
one star Académie des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres de Touraine = Academy of Sciences, Arts and Humanities of Touraine [In French and English.]  
  Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts d'Angers = Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts of Angers
[No website found, as of 2003, July 12.]
 
four stars Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Besançon et de Franche-Comté = Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts of Besançon and of Franche-Comté [In French.]  
one star Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Lyon = Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts of Lyon [In French.]  
one star
broken once
Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Rouen = Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts of Rouen [In French.] ASBLAR
four stars Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Savoie = Académie de Savoie = Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts of Savoy = Academy of Savoy [In French.] ASBLAS
four stars Académie des Sciences d'Outre-Mer = Academy of Overseas Sciences [In French. The Academy is concerned with scientific and other studies on the overseas regions.] ASOM
one star
broken once
Académie des Sciences et Lettres de Montpellier = Academy of Sciences and Letters of Montpellier [In French.] ASLM
one star
broken once
Académie des Sciences, Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres de Toulouse = Academy of Sciences, Inscriptions and Humanities of Toulouse [In French.] ASIBLT
one star Académie des Sciences, Lettres et Arts de Marseille = Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts of Marseille [In French.] ASLAM
four stars Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques = Academy of Ethics and Political Science [In French.] ASMP
four stars Académie du Var = Academy of Var [In French.] AV
  Académie Florimontane d'Annecy = Florimontane Academy of Annecy
[No website found, as of 20030321]
 
four stars Académie Française [In French.] AF
one star Académie Lorraine des Sciences = Lorraine Academy of Sciences [In French.] ALS
  Académie Nationale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Bordeaux = National Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts of Bordeaux
[No website found, as of 2003, April 29.]
 
four stars Association Française pour l'Avancement des Sciences = French Association for the Advancement of the Sciences [In French.] AFAS
four stars Conférence Nationale des Académies des Sciences, Lettres et Arts = National Conference of the Academies of Sciences, Letters and Arts [In French. A federation of academies of broad subject scope in France.] CNASLA
four stars Institut de France = Institute of France [In French.]  
  Société Académique de Soissons = Academic Society of Soissons
[Founded in 1650, and known at various times as Académie de Soissons and Société des Sciences, des Arts et des Belles Lettres de Soissons. existed 1650 - 1793; 1806 - 1814. Now defunct.]
 
  Société des Sciences, Lettres et Arts de Pau et du Béarn = Society of Sciences, Letters and Arts of Pau and of Béarn
[No website found, as of 2003, May 1.]
SSLAP
one star
broken once
Société Libre d'Émulation de la Seine-Maritime = Free Competitive Society of Seine-Maritime [In French.] SLESM
Georgian Republic
four stars საქართველოს მეცნიერებათა აკადემია = Sak'art'velos Mec'nierebat'a Akademia = Georgian Academy of Sciences [In English, and some Georgian.] GAS
Germany
four stars Akademie der Künste = Academy of Arts [The Akademie encompasses fine arts, music, architecture and literature. In German and English.] AdK
four stars Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Mainz = Academy of Sciences and Literature, Mainz [In German.] AdWLM
one star Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen = Academy of Sciences and Humanities in Göttingen [In German.] AdWG
four stars Akademie Gemeinnütziger Wissenschaften zu Erfurt = Academy of the Arts and Sciences Useful to the Public in Erfurt [In German.] AGWE
four stars Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften = Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities [In German and English.] BAdW
four stars
Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften = Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities BBAW
four stars Braunschweigische Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft = Brunswik Scientific Society [In German.] BWG
four stars Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina = German Leopoldina Academy of Researchers [In German.] DANL
four stars Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft = German Association for the Encouragement of Research [In German.] DFG
one star Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften = Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities [In German.] HAW
one star Nordrhein-Westfälische Akademie der Wissenschaften = North-Rhine-Westphalia Academy of Sciences and Humanities [In German.] NRWAdW
four stars Oberlausitzische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften = Upper-Lusatian Society of Sciences [In German.] OLGdW
four stars Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig = Saxonian Academy of Arts and Sciences in Leipzig [In German.] SAW
four stars Union der Deutschen Akademien der Wissenschaften = Union of German Academies of Sciences and Humanities [In German.] UDAW
Greece
four stars Ακαδημία Αθηνών = Akademia Athenon = Academy of Athens [In Greek, with some English.]  
Guatemala
  Academia de Ciencias Médicas Físicas y Naturales de Guatemala = Academy of Medical, Physical and Natural Sciences of Guatemala
[Founded in 1945 according to Saur World Guide (1998), p.108.]
[No website found, as of 2003, November 17.]
ACMFNG
Hungary
four stars Magyar Mérnökakadémia = Hungarian Academy of Engineering [In Hungarian and English.] MMA = HAE
four stars Magyar Tudományos Akadémia = Hungarian Academy of Sciences [In English and Hungarian.] MTA = HAS
Iceland
  Vísindafélag Íslendinga = Icelandic Academy of Sciences and Letters
[Founded in 1918.]
[No website found, as of 2003, November 17.]
 
India
four stars भारतीय राष्ट्रीय विज्ञान अकादमी = Bhārătīyă Rāstrīyă Vijñyān Akādmī = Indian National Science Academy [In English.] INSA
four stars Indian Academy of Sciences [In English.] IAS
four stars Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science [In English.] IACS
four stars Indian National Academy of Engineering [In English.] INAE
four stars Sahitya Akademi = National Academy of Letters (India) [In English.] SA
Indonesia
four stars Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia = Indonesian Institute of Sciences [In English.] LIPI
International or Multinational
four stars InterAcademy Panel on International Issues [In English. "The InterAcademy Panel on International Issues (IAP) is an informal network of world's academies working together in providing advice and input to governments and international organizations and in informing public opinion on scientific aspects of issues of concern internationally."] IAP
four stars الأكاديمية الإسلامية للعلوم = Islamic Academy of Sciences = Académie Islamique des Sciences [In English.] IAS
four stars Third World Academy of Sciences TWAS
four stars World Academy of Art and Science WAAS
Iran
four stars فرهنگستان علوم جمهوري اسلامي ايران = Academy of Sciences of the Islamic Republic of Iran = Islamic Republic of Iran Academy of Sciences [In English.] IAS
four stars فرهنگستان زبان و ادب فارسى = Iranian Academy of Persian Language and Literature [In Persian.]  
Ireland
four stars Royal Dublin Society [Concerned with promoting the development of agriculture, arts, science and industry in Ireland.] RDS
four stars Royal Irish Academy = Acadamh Ríoga na hÉireann RIA
Israel
four stars האקדמיה הישראלית הלאומית למדעים = Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities IASH
Italy
four stars Accademia degli Incolti = Academia Incultorum = Academy of the Uncultured [In Italian,with some English.]  
  Accademia degli Inquieti = Academy of the Restless Ones
[Founded 1690; in 1714 merged into the Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna, which had just been established that year.]
 
  Accademia degli Investiganti = Accademia degl' Investiganti = Academia Indagatrix = Academy of the Investigators
[Founded 1650; defunct in 1737.]
 
four stars Accademia dei Concordi di Rovigo = Academy of the Concordant Ones of Rovigo [In Italian.] ACR
four stars Accademia dei Fisiocritici di Siena = Accademia delle Scienze di Siena detta de' Fisio-critici = Academy of the Physiocritics of Siena = Academy of Sciences of Siena known as the Physiocritics [In Italian.]  
  Accademia dei Gelati di Bologna = Academy of the Frozen Ones of Bologna
[The Accademia was founded in 1588 and lasted until the end of the 18th century.]
 
  Accademia dei Sepolti = Academy of the Buried Ones = Academy of the Immersed Ones
[No website found, as of 20030321]
 
  Accademia dei Ricovrati = Academy of the Sheltered Ones
[Defunct. In 1779, the Accademia dei Ricovrati merged with the Accademia di Arte Agraria (founded 1769), to form the Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti di Padova.]
 
one star Accademia del Cimento [1657-1667: now defunct. This page (in Italian), maintained by the Institute and Museum of the History of Science of Florence (Italy), gives a brief history of the Accademia del Cimento.] AC
one star Accademia delle Scienze di Ferrara = Academy of Sciences of Ferrara [In Italian.] ASF
four stars Accademia delle Scienze di Torino = Academy of Sciences of Turin [In Italian.] AST
four stars Accademia di Agricoltura, Scienze e Lettere di Verona = Academy of Agriculture, Science and Letters of Verona [In Italian.] AASLVR
four stars Accademia Etrusca di Cortona = Etruscan Academy of Cortona [In Italian and English. The site is primarily about the Society's Museum.] AEC
one star
broken once
Accademia Galileiana di Scienze Lettere ed Arti in Padova = Galilean Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts in Padua [In Italian.] AGSLA
four stars Accademia Georgica = Agricultural Academy [In Italian.]  
four stars Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei = National Academy of the Lynxes [Mostly in Italian; some English.] ANL
four stars Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze detta dei XL = National Academy of Sciences, known as the Forty [In Italian.]  
four stars Accademia Nazionale di Scienze, Lettere e Arti Modena = National Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts Modena [In Italian.]  
four stars Accademia Nazionale Virgiliana di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti = National Virgilian Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts [In Italian.]  
four stars Accademia Olimpica = Olympic Academy [In Italian. The Academy has sections devoted to letters and arts, science and technology, and economics and administration.]  
four stars Accademia Petrarca di Lettere, Arti e Scienze di Arezzo = Petrarchian Academy of Letters, Arts and Sciences of Arezzo [In Italian.]  
one star Accademia Pontaniana = Pontanian Academy [In Italian.]  
four stars Accademia Roveretana degli Agiati di Scienze, Lettere e Arti = Rovereto Academy of the Comfortable Ones of Sciences, Letters and Arts [In Italian.]  
four stars Accademia Toscana di Scienze e Lettere "La Colombaria" = Tuscan Academy of Sciences and Letters "La Colombaria" [In Italian.] ATSL
four stars Accademia Udinese di Scienze, Lettere e Arti = Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts of Udine [In Italian.]  
four stars Accademia Valdarnese del Poggio = Valdarno Academy of Poggio [In Italian.]  
one star Ateneo di Brescia: Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti = Atheneum of Brescia: Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts [In Italian.]  
four stars Ateneo di Scienze Lettere ed Arti Bergamo = Bergamasque Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts [In Italian.]  
four stars Ateneo Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti = Venetian Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts [In Italian.]  
four stars Istituto Lombardo, Accademia di Scienze e Lettere = Lombardy Institute, Academy of Sciences and Letters [In Italian.] ILASL
four stars Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti = Venetian Institute of Sciences, Letters and Arts [In Italian.] IVSLA
one star Società Nazionale di Scienze, Lettere e Arti in Napoli = National Society of Sciences, Letters and Arts in Napoli [In Italian.]  
four stars Unione Accademica Nazionale = National Academic Union (Italy) [In Italian. An Italian body collaborating with the Union Académique Internationale; its scope includes the philological, archaeological, historical, moral, political, and social sciences.] UAN
Japan
four stars 日本学術会議 = Nihon Gakujutsu Kaigi = Science Council of Japan [In Japanese. The Council "acts as the representative organization of Japanese scientists, both domestically and internationally, for the promotion and permeation of science."] SCJ
four stars 日本科学協会 = Nihon Kagaku Kyōkai = Japan Science Society [In Japanese.] JSS
four stars 日本工学アカデミー = Nihon Kōgaku Akademii = Engineering Academy of Japan [In Japanese and English.] EAJ
four stars 日本学士院 = Nippon Gakushiin = Japan Academy [In Japanese and English.] NG
Jordan
four stars الجمعية العلمية الملكية = Royal Scientific Society [Jordan. In English.] RSS
Korea
four stars 한국과학기술한림원 = Korean Academy of Science and Technology [In Korean and English.] KAST
four stars 한국공학한림원 = National Academy of Engineering of Korea [In Korean and English.] NAEK
four stars 대한민국학술원 = National Academy of Sciences, Republic of Korea [In Korean and English.] NAS
Latin America
four stars Academia de Ciencias de América Latina = Latin American Academy of Sciences [In Spanish.] ACAL
Latvia
four stars Latvijas Zinat nu Akademija = Latvian Academy of Sciences [In English and Latvian.] LZA = LAS
Lithuania
four stars Lietuvos Mokslininkų Sąjunga = Lithuanian Scientific Society [In Lithuanian and English.] LMS
one star
broken once
Lietuvos Mokslø Akademija = Lithuanian Academy of Sciences [In English and Lithuanian.] LMA
Luxemburg
  Institut Royal Grand-Ducal de Luxembourg = Royal Grand-Ducal Insitute of Luxemburg
[There is some information on the Institut at their Section de Linguistique, d'Ethnologie et d'Onomastique Website and their Section des Arts et des Lettres Website.]
[No website found, as of 2003, Sept.29.]
 
Macedonia
four stars Македонска Академија на Науките и Уметностите = Makedonska Akademiǰa na Naukite i Umetnostite = Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts [In Macedonian and English.] MANU
Malaysia
four stars Akademi Sains Malaysia = Academy of Sciences Malaysia [In English.] ASM
four stars Persatuan Ahli-Ahli Sains Malaysia = Malaysian Scientific Association [In English.] MSA
Mediterranean
four stars Accademia del Mediterraneo = Academy of the Mediterranean [In Italian.]  
Mexico
four stars Academia de Ingeniería = Academy of Engineering (Mexico) [In Spanish.] AI
one star Academia Mexicana de Ciencias = Mexican Academy of Sciences [In Spanish.] AMC
four stars Academia Mexicana de la Lengua = Mexican Academy of Letters [In Spanish.] AML
Moldova (formerly Moldavian S.S.R.)
four stars Academia de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova = Academy of Sciences of Moldova [In English.] ASRM = ASM
Mongolia
four stars Монгол Улсын Шинжлэх Ухааны Академи = Mongol Ulsyn Šinžleh Uhaany Akademi = Mongolian Academy of Sciences [In Mongolian and English.] МУШУА = MAS
Nepal
four stars Royal Nepal Academy of Science and Technology [In English.] RONAST
Netherlands
four stars Koninklijk Zeeuwsch Genootschap der Wetenschappen (KZGW) = Royal Zeeland Society of Sciences [In Dutch.] KZGW
four stars Koninklijke Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen = Royal Holland Society of Sciences and Humanities [In Dutch and English.] KHMW
four stars Koninklijke Maatschappij voor Natuurkunde onder de Zinspreuk Diligentia = Royal Society for Science with the Motto "Diligentia" [In Dutch.]  
four stars Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen = Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences [In Dutch] KNAW
four stars Nederlands Forum voor Techniek en Wetenschap = Netherlands Society of Technological Sciences and Engineering ["...is the Academy of Engineering of the Netherlands." In Dutch and English.] NFTW = FTW
four stars Provinciaal Utrechts Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen (PUG) = Provincial Utrecht Society of Arts and Sciences [In Dutch.] KZGW
New Zealand / Aotearoa
four stars Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science ANZAAS
four stars Royal Society of New Zealand RSNZ
Nicaragua
  Academia Nicaragüense de la Lengua = Nicaraguan Academy of Letters
[The ANL has abandoned its domain name anl.edu.ni, and has not acquired a new one as of 2003-06-19.]
ANL
Nigeria
four stars Nigerian Academy of Science [In English.] NAS
Norway
four stars Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab = Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab = Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters [In Norwegian.] DKNVS
four stars Norges Tekniske Vitenskapsakademi = Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences [In Norwegian and English.] NTVA
four stars Norske Videnskaps-Akademi = Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters [In English and Norwegian. Also known as: Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi (DNVA).] DNVA = NASL
Pakistan
four stars Pakistan Academy of Sciences [In English.] PAS
Palestine
four stars أَكاديمية فلسطين أَلعلوم وأَلتكنولوجيا = Palestine Academy for Science and Technology [In English.] PAST
Phillipines
four stars National Academy of Science and Technology [In English. The Philippines.] NAST
Poland
one star Akademia Inżynierska w Polsce = Academy of Engineering in Poland [In Polish and English.] AIP = AEP
four stars Polska Akademia Nauk = Polish Academy of Sciences [In Polish and English.] PAN
one star Polska Akademia Umiejętności = Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences [In Polish and English.] PAU
Portugal
four stars Academia das Ciências de Lisboa = Academy of Sciences of Lisbon [In Portuguese and English.] ACL
Romania
four stars Academia Româna = Romanian Academy [In Romanian and English.] AR = RA
Russian Federation
four stars Академия Технологических Наук Российской Федерации = Akademiâ Tehnologičeskih Nauk Rossijskoj Federacii = Academy of Technological Sciences of the Russian Federation [In Russian.] АТН РФ = ATSRF
four stars Российская Академия Естественных Наук = Rossijskaâ Akademiâ Estestvennyh Nauk = Russian Academy of Natural Sciences ["to serve the development of science, education and culture as an important condition of the economic and spiritual renaissance of Russia." In Russian and English.] RAEN = RANS
four stars Российская Академия Художеств = Rossijskaâ Akademiâ Hudožestv = Russian Academy of Arts [In Russian. Covers architecture, painting and sculpture.] RAKh
four stars Российская Академия Наук = Rossijskaâ Akademiâ Nauk = Russian Academy of Sciences [In English and Russian.] RAN = RAS
Singapore
one star
broken once
Singapore National Academy of Science [In English.] SNAS
Slovakia
four stars Slovenská Akadémia Vied = Slovak Academy of Sciences [In English.] SAV = SAS
Slovenia
four stars Slovenska Akademija Znanosti in Umetnosti = Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts [In Slovenian.] SAZU
South Africa
four stars Academy of Science of South Africa [In English.] ASSAf
one star Royal Society of South Africa RSSA
four stars Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns = South African Acadeny for Science and Arts [In Afrikaans.] SAAWK
Spain
four stars Real Academia de Ingeniería = Academia de Ingeniería de España = Royal Academy of Engineering = Academy of Engineering of Spain [In Spanish.] RAI
four stars Instituto de España = Institute of Spain [In Spanish.] IdE
one star Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando = Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando [In Spanish. The Academy covers architecture, music, sculpture and painting.] RABASF
four stars Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales = Royal Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences (Spain) [In Spanish.] RACEFyN
four stars Real Academia de Ciencias Morales y Políticas = Royal Academy of Moral and Political Sciences [The Academy has sections devoted to the philosophical sciences, political and juridical sciences, social sciences, and economic sciences. In Spanish.] RACMYP
four stars Real Academia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona = Royal Academy of Sciences and Arts of Barcelona [In Spanish.] RACAB
four stars Real Academia de Nobles y Bellas Artes de San Luis = Royal Academy of Noble and Fine Arts of San Luis  
four stars Real Academia Española = Royal Spanish Academy [In Spanish.] RAE
four stars Real Academia Sevillana de Buenas Letras = Royal Seville Academy of Humanities [In Spanish.]  
four stars Real Sociedad Bascongada de los Amigos del País = Euskalerriaren Adiskideen Elkartea = Royal Basque Society of Friends of the Country [In Spanish and Basque.] RSBAP
Sri Lanka
one star Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science [In English.] SLAAS
Sweden
four stars Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapet i Lund = Royal Physiographic Society in Lund [In Swedish and English. Founded in 1772 with a focus on agriculture, its goals are now much broader, being "to encourage research in the natural sciences, medicine and technology..."]  
four stars Kungliga Ingenjörsvetenskapsakademien = Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences [In Swedish, with some English.] IVA
four stars Kungliga Krigsvetenskapsakademien = Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences [In Swedish and English.] KKrVA
four stars Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien = Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences [In English and Swedish.] KVA
  Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i Uppsala = Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala
[No website found, as of 2003, April 29.]
 
four stars Kungliga Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien = Royal Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities [In Swedish and English.] KVHAA
four stars Svenska Akademien = Swedish Academy [In English and Swedish.] SA
Switzerland
four stars Aargauische Naturforschende Gesellschaft = Aargau Natural Science Society [In German.] ANG
four stars Institut National Genevois = National Institute of Geneva [In French. The Institute was founded on the model of the Institut de France.] ING
four stars Naturforschende Gesellschaft in Basel = Scientific Society in Basel [In German.] NGiB
four stars Naturforschende Gesellschaft in Zürich = Natural Science Society in Zürich [In German.] NGZ
four stars Naturforschende Gesellschaft Luzern = Scientific Society in Lucerne [In German.] NGL
four stars Naturwissenschaftliche Gesellschaft Winterthur = Scientific Society, Winterthur [In German.] NGW
four stars Schweizerische Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften = Académie Suisse des Sciences Humaines et Sociales = Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences [In German and French.] SAGW = ASSH
four stars Schweizerische Akademie der Naturwissenschaften = Académie suisse des sciences naturelles = Accademia svizzera di scienze naturali = Academia svizra da scienzas natüralas = Swiss Academy of Sciences [In German, French and English.] SANW = ASSN = ASSN = ASSN = SAS
four stars Schweizerische Akademie der Technischen Wissenschaften = Académie Suisse des Sciences Techniques = Accademia Svizzera delle Scienze Techniche = Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences [In German, English and French.] SATW = ASST
four stars Société des Arts de Genève = Society of Arts of Geneva [In French. The Society, whose headquarters is the Palais de l'Athénée in Geneva, is devoted not only to the fine arts, but to industry, commerce, and agriculture as well.] SAG
Thailand
four stars ราชบัณฑิตยสถาน = Royal Institute (Thailand) [In Thai.]  
four stars สมาฅม วิทยาศาสตร์ แห่ ง ประเทศไทย = Science Society of Thailand [In Thai.] SST
four stars สยาม สมาคม = Siam Society (Thailand) [In English.]  
four stars มูลนิธิ บัณฑิตยสภา วิทยาศาสตร์ และ เทคโนโลยี แห่งประเทศไทย = Thai Academy of Science and Technology Foundation [In Thai and English.] TAST
Tunisia
four stars Académie Tunisienne des Sciences, des Lettres et des Arts «Beït al-Hikma» = Tunisian Academy of the Sciences, Letters and Arts «Beït al-Hikma» = "المجمع التونسي للعلوم والآداب والفنون" بيت الحكمة [In French, Arabic and English.]  
Turkey
four stars Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi = Turkish Academy of Sciences [In Turkish.] TUBA
Ukraine
four stars Національна Академія Наук України = Nacìonalʹna Akademìâ Nauk Ukraïni = National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine [In Ukrainian, English and Russian.] НАН = NAN
four stars Наукове Товариство ім. Шевченка = Naukove Tovaristvo ìm. Ševčenka = Shevchenko Scientific Society [In English, with some Ukrainian. "It is the oldest Ukrainian academy of arts and sciences whose activities have been the mainstay of Ukrainian culture for the last 120 years. Founded in 1873 in the city of L'viv, Ukraine, it was liquidated by the Soviet regime in 1939 and reestablished in Western Europe in 1947, in the United States in 1949, and in Ukraine in 1989."] SSS
United Kingdom
four stars Anrhydeddus Gymdeithas y Cymmrodorion = Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion [In Welsh and English. The Society promotes the literature, the arts and sciences insofar as they are of special interest to Wales, the Welsh people and those interested in Wales.]  
four stars British Academy BA
four stars British Association for the Advancement of Science [also known as British Association (BA)] BAAS = BA
four stars Royal Institution of Great Britain [Also known as the "Royal Institution."] RIGB
four stars Royal Scottish Society of Arts [Sometimes subtitled: (Science and Technology).] RSSA
four stars Royal Society [Also known as the "Royal Society of London."] RS
four stars Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce RSA
four stars Royal Society of Edinburgh RSE
United States of America
four stars American Academy of Arts and Sciences AAAS
four stars American Association for the Advancement of Science AAAS
four stars California Academy of Sciences CAS
four stars Chicago Academy of Sciences CAS
one star Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences CAAS
four stars Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering CASE
four stars Georgia Academy of Science GAS
four stars Illinois State Academy of Science ISAS
one star Kansas Academy of Science KAS
four stars Kentucky Academy of Science KAS
four stars Mississippi Academy of Sciences MAS
four stars National Academy of Engineering [One of the national academies of the U.S.A.] NAE
four stars National Academy of Sciences [One of the national academies of the U.S.A.] NAS
four stars Nebraska Academy of Sciences NAS
four stars New Jersey Academy of Science NJAS
four stars New Mexico Academy of Science NMAS
four stars New York Academy of Sciences NYAS
four stars Ohio Academy of Science OAS
one star
broken once
Oklahoma Academy of Science OAS
four stars South Carolina Academy of Science SCAS
four stars Tennessee Academy of Science TAS
four stars Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters UASAL
four stars Virginia Academy of Science VAS
four stars Washington Academy of Sciences WAS
Uruguay
four stars Academia Nacional de Ingeniería del Uruguay = National Academy of Engineering of Uruguay [In Spanish.] ANIU
Uzbekistan
four stars O'zbekiston Respublikasi Fanlar Akademiyasi = Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences = Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan = Академия Наук Республики Узбекистан = Akademiâ Nauk Respubliki Uzbekistan [In Uzbek, English, and Russian.] O'zR FA = UAS = АН РУз = ANRUz
Vatican City State
one star Pontificia Accademia delle Scienze = Pontificia Academia Scientiarum = Pontifical Academy of Sciences [In Italian and English.] PAS
Venezuela
one star Academia de Ciencias Físicas, Matemáticas y Naturales de Venezuela = Academy of Physical, Mathematical and Natural Sciences of Venezuela [In Spanish.] ACFMN
four stars Asociación Venezolana para el Avance de la Ciencia = Venezuelan Association for the Advancement of Science [In Spanish.] AsoVAC
Yugoslavia
four stars Српска Академија Наука и Уметности = Srpska Akademija Nauka i Umetnosti = Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts [In Serbo-Croatian.] SANU

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